Salticidae  Blackwall, 1841 / Pellenes  Simon, 1876   25 species

Pellenes geniculatus  (Simon, 1868)

Description
Male

Prosoma dorsally brown, margin cranially with white hairs, head plate dark brown, eye field black, fovea deep. Opisthosoma dorsally brown with wide, white, anteriorly discontinuous equatorial band. Palp: Femur reddish brown, patella yellowish and with white hairs, cymbium light orange with light yellow tip, apophysis distinctly curved, distally black.

Body length male: 3.25-3.7 mm
Female

Prosoma dorsally dark brown, head plate medially lighter with black eye field. Opisthosoma dorsally black with wide U-shaped, sclerotized epigyneal hood parallel and flattened.

Body length female: 4.2-5 mm
Additional information

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Southern Europe, Africa, Turkey, Ukraine, Caucasus, Middle East, Iran, Kazakhstan, Central Asia
Figures
Distribution List
Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Cardoso P, Morano E (2010) The Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 2495: 1-52 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Logunov D V (2015) Taxonomic-faunistic notes on the jumping spiders of the Mediterranean (Aranei: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta 24: 33-85 pdf

Metzner H (1999) Die Springspinnen (Araneae, Salticidae) Griechenlands. Andrias 14: 1-279 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Ponomarev A V, Aliev M A, Khabiev G N, Shmatko V Y (2019) New data on the spider fauna (Aranei) of Dagestan, Russia. Arthropoda Selecta 28: 309-334 pdf

Schäfer M (2015) Ein Beitrag zur Springspinnenfauna der Balearen mit dem Erstnachweis von Heliophanus stylifer für Europa (Araneae, Salticidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 49: 62-67 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
24-04-2020 Image insert
05-07-2019 Image insert
01-07-2019 Distribution update Detail
03-02-2019 Distribution update Detail
19-07-2016 Datasheet update Detail
16-07-2015 Distribution update Detail
01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail