Salticidae  Blackwall, 1841 / Heliophanus  C. L. Koch, 1833   41 species

Heliophanus simplex  Simon, 1868

Description
Male

Prosoma dorsally dark red-brown, with reddish shiny hairs, with white hairs on margin. Sides orange. Eye field black. Opisthosoma dorsally dark brown with light equatorial band and diffuse orange design. Palp dark brown with spots of white hair, embolus bifid.

Body length male: 4.75 mm
Female

Prosoma as in male. Opisthosoma dorsally brown with light equatorial band and distinct light design. Epigyne with two distinctly separated grooves and strongly sclerotized openings.

Body length female: 4.3-5.4 mm
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2023): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, China
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (Řezáč et al., 2021; Dolansky et al., 2014) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019; IJland & van Helsdingen, 2019) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022; Ponomarev & Shmatko, 2022b) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2022) ||| Ukraine   (Kovblyuk et al., 2016) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2022) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2022 [last updated 24 August 2022], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Dolansky J, Jelinek A, Rousar A, Růžička V (2014) Pavouci České republiky. Pavouk 36: 3-4 pdf

IJland S, Helsdingen P J van (2019) Update on the spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Calabria, Italy. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 38: 8-21 pdf

Kovblyuk M M, Gnelitsa V A, Nadolny A A, Kastrygina Z A, Kukushkin, O V (2016) Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of the Karadag Nature Reserve (Crimea). Ekosystemy 3(33): 3-288 pdf

Metzner H (1999) Die Springspinnen (Araneae, Salticidae) Griechenlands. Andrias 14: 1-279 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Ponomarev A V, Shmatko V Y (2022b) A new species and new records of spiders (Aranei) in the south of European Russia. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 18: 287-290 pdf

Řezáč M, Růžička V, Hula V, Dolanský J, Machač O, Roušar A (2021) Spiders newly observed in Czechia in recent years – overlooked or invasive species? BioInvasions Records 10: 555-566 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Szűts T, Szinetár C, Samu F, Szita É (2003) Check list of the Hungarian Salticidae with biogeographical notes. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 25: 45-61 pdf

Wesołowska W (1986) A revision of the genus Heliophanus C. L. Koch, 1833 (Aranei: Salticidae). Annales Zoologici, Warszawa 40: 1-254 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
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