Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Ipa  Saaristo, 2007   3 species

Ipa terrenus  (L. Koch, 1879)

Description

Paracymbium with truncated terminal branch. Vulva with complex entrance ducts. Prosoma dark brown to blackish, margin and middle part darker. Legs yellow to grey-yellow.

Additional information

In steppe heathland and similar dry areas

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): France, Italy, Czechia, Slovakia, Eastern Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
mainly September-October
Figures
Distribution List
Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2008) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Komnenov M, Pitta E, Zografou K, Chatzaki M (2016) Discovering the still unexplored arachnofauna of the National Park of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli, NE Greece: a taxonomic review with description of new species. Zootaxa 4096: 1-66 pdf

Miller F, Zitnanska O (1976) Einige bemerkenswerte Spinnen aus der Slowakei. Biológia (Bratislava) 31: 81-88 pdf

Oger P, Van Keer J (2017) Découverte de trois espèces nouvelles pour la France (Araneae: Gnaphosidae, Linyphiidae, Salticidae). Revue Arachnologique (2) 4: 18-21 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2008) New records for the Italian spider fauna (Arachnida, Araneae). Arthropoda Selecta 17: 133-144 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Tanasevitch A V, Alekseenko Y G (2012) To the knowledge of the linyphiid spider fauna (Aranei: Linyphiidae) of limestone steppes in the Russian Plain. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 8: 193-198 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
01-05-2020 Distribution insert Detail
16-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
02-10-2017 Image insert
27-08-2017 Distribution update Detail
18-04-2016 Distribution update Detail
24-09-2015 Distribution update Detail
01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
09-04-2013 Distribution update Detail