Oecobiidae  Blackwall, 1862 / Oecobius  Lucas, 1846   15 species

Oecobius navus  Blackwall, 1859


Palp: basal apophysis small, prolaterally with a tooth. Prosoma with black margin and spots in eye region or predominantly bright. Prosoma 0.6-0.9 mm long. Legs not to distinctly annulated.

Body length male: 2.2-2.5 mm

Epigyne with long scapus. Prosoma 0.8-1.1 mm long. Sternum yellowish, with faint darker blotches on the edges. Eyes: anterior row straight, posterior row procurved, PME triangular, interdistance AME-AME twice as AME-ALE.

Body length female: 2.2-2.5 mm
Additional information

In garrigue, oak woods, heathlands, under stones, in buildings north of the Alps.

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Europe, northern Africa, South Africa, Turkey, Caucasus. Introduced to South Africa, China, Korea, Japan, New Zealand, Canada, USA, South America
 male  female
Females possibly all the year, males in summer.
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Algeria   (Benhacene et al., 2023) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022) ||| Belarus   (Miasnikou, unpubl.; Dashkevich, 2015) ||| Belgium   (Bosmans & Van Keer, 2017) ||| Croatia   (Mezőfi, 2017) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Estonia   (no references) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (Le Peru, 2007) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2022) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (Bosmans & Chatzaki, 2005) ||| Greece / Crete   (Bosmans et al., 2013) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Libya   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Malta   (Pfliegler et al., 2017) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Russia, Central   (Mikhailov & Borisova, 2017) ||| Russia, Eastern   (Plakkhina & Esyunin, 2022) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (Hänggi & Straub, 2016) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Lecigne, 2021a) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) ||| United Kingdom   (Oxford, 2020; Lavery, 2019; Wilson, 2012) |||

Baum S (1974) Zum "Cribellaten-Problem": Die Genitalstrukturen der Oecobiinae und Urocteinae (Arach.: Aran.: Oecobiidae). Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 16: 101-153 pdf

Benhacene R, Adjami A, Hadjeb A, Kermiche K, Ouakid M L (2023) Bibliographic checklist of the Algerian spider fauna (Araneae). Zootaxa 5352: 301-357 pdf

Bosmans R, Chatzaki M (2005) A catalogue of the spiders of Greece – a critical review of all spider species cited from Greece with their localities. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische arachnologische Vereniging 20 (2, suppl.): 1-124 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer K (2017) Een herziene soortenlijst van de Belgische spinnen (Araneae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 32: 39-69 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Dashkevich M W (2015) [A supplement to the list of spider species (Arachnida, Aranei) of Belarus]. Materials from the conference „Problems of contemporary entomology in Eastern Europe“, pp. 97-99 pdf

Hänggi A, Straub S (2016) Storage buildings and greenhouses as stepping stones for non-native potentially invasive spiders (Araneae) - a baseline study in Basel, Switzerland Arachnologische Mitteilungen 51: 1-8 pdf

Henrard A (2023) On some introduced species in Belgium: new spiders detected and new records. Journal of the Belgian Arachnological Society 38: 71-83 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Le Peru B (2007) Catalogue et répartition des araignées de France. Revue Arachnologique 16: 1-468 pdf

Lecigne S (2021a) A new species of Sintula (Linyphiidae), redescription of Brigittea innocens (Dictynidae) and eight spider species newly recorded for Turkey (Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 62: 11-34 pdf

Mezőfi L (2017) First record of the cosmopolitan spider Oecobius navus Blackwall 1859 (Araneae, Oecobiidae) in Croatia. Zoology and Ecology 27: 54-56 pdf

Miasnikou (unpubl.) .

Mikhailov K G, Borisova N V (2017) On the records of Oecobius spp. (Aranei: Oecobiidae) in European Russia. Russian Entomological Journal 26: 287-288 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Oxford G (2020) Oecobius navus - a self-sustaining population in York? Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 147(S.R.S. News 96): 3 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Plakkhina E V, Esyunin S L (2022) New data on introduced spider species (Arachnida: Aranei) from the Urals. Arthropoda Selecta 31: 363-371 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 123: 10-15 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Wunderlich J (1995l) Zu Taxonomie und Biogeographie der Arten der Gattung Oecobius Lucas 1846, mit Neubeschreibungen aus der Mediterraneis und von der Arabischen Halbinsel (Arachnida: Araneae: Oecobiidae). Beiträge zur Araneologie 4: 585-608 pdf

Zamani A, Marusik Y M (2023) New species and records of Oecobius Lucas, 1846 (Araneae: Oecobiidae) from Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal of Natural History 57: 1693-1709 pdf

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