Salticidae  Blackwall, 1841 / Heliophanus  C. L. Koch, 1833   43 species

Heliophanus aeneus  (Hahn, 1832)

Description
Male

Tibial apophysis long and slightly bent. Embolus slightly bent, robust protrusion on its base. Prosoma dark brown or black, with metallic sheen, some white scales in the area of anterior eyes, Sternum and legs dark brown. Opisthosoma black, with white band at anterior margin, posteriorly sometimes with a pair of white marks.

Body length male: 5.0-6.8 mm
Female

Epigynal groove approximately one diameter apart from posterior epigynal margin. Colouration as in males, except opisthosma with smaller markings or completely brown without markings. Legs light brown or yellow.

Body length female: 5.0-6.8 mm
Additional information

Under stones and on tree trunks, up to 2300 m in the Alps

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Occurrence in the Caucasus needs to be verified (Otto 2019)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus?, Central Asia?
Figures
Distribution List
Andorra   ( no references ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belarus   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( Koponen et al., 2016; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Latvia   ( Cera, 2018; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Western   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kranjčev R (2012) [Jumping spider fauna (Araneae: Salticidae) of Paklenica National Park, Republic of Croatia]. Entomologia Croatica 16: 105-114 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Prószyński J (1991) in Heimer S, Nentwig W: Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Parey Hamburg

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Wesolowska W (1986) A revision of the genus Heliophanus C. L. Koch, 1833 (Aranei: Salticidae). Annls zool Warsz 40: 1-254

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Zabka M (1997) Salticidae: Pajaki skaczace (Arachnida: Araneae) (Salticidae of Poland). Fauna Polski (Fauna Poloniae) 19: 1-188

Updates
26-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
16-10-2014 Datasheet update Detail
16-10-2014 Image insert
28-04-2014 Distribution update Detail