Salticidae  Blackwall, 1841 / Heliophanus  C. L. Koch, 1833   38 species

Heliophanus aeneus  (Hahn, 1832)

Description
Male

Tibial apophysis long and slightly bent. Embolus slightly bent, robust protrusion on its base. Prosoma dark brown or black, with metallic sheen, some white scales in the area of anterior eyes, Sternum and legs dark brown. Opisthosoma black, with white band at anterior margin, posteriorly sometimes with a pair of white marks.

Body length male: 5.0-6.8 mm
Female

Epigynal groove approximately one diameter apart from posterior epigynal margin. Colouration as in males, except opisthosma with smaller markings or completely brown without markings. Legs light brown or yellow.

Body length female: 5.0-6.8 mm
Additional information

Under stones and on tree trunks, up to 2300 m in the Alps

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Occurrence in the Caucasus needs to be verified (Otto, 2015)
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia to Central Asia, Japan
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2018a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 2 September 2018], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kranjčev R (2012) [Jumping spider fauna (Araneae: Salticidae) of Paklenica National Park, Republic of Croatia]. Entomologia Croatica 16: 105-114 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Prószyński J (1991) in Heimer S, Nentwig W: Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Parey Hamburg

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Wesolowska W (1986) A revision of the genus Heliophanus C. L. Koch, 1833 (Aranei: Salticidae). Annls zool Warsz 40: 1-254

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Zabka M (1997) Salticidae: Pajaki skaczace (Arachnida: Araneae) (Salticidae of Poland). Fauna Polski (Fauna Poloniae) 19: 1-188

Updates
26-05-2018 Distribution update Old value
16-10-2014 Datasheet update Old value
16-10-2014 Image insert
28-04-2014 Distribution update Old value