Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Haplodrassus  Chamberlin, 1922   43 species

Haplodrassus invalidus  (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872)

Description
Male

Pedipalpus relatively small. Terminal apophysis strongly curved. Embolus slender, with transparent tip, inner side of curve with spur-like protrusion.

Body length male: 3.7-7 mm
Female

Epigyne U-shaped, slightly notched at middle part. Epigynal plate anteriorly bordered by thick, arched, dark band.

Body length female: 6.3-8.7 mm
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Records from Portugal, Spain and Italien presumably incorrect, Greece needs confirmation (Bosmans et al. 2018)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Egypt, Azerbaijan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Azerbaijan   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (no references) |||
References

Bosmans R, Kherbouche-Abrous O, Benhalima S, Hervé C (2018) The genus Haplodrassus Chamberlin, 1922 in the Mediterranean and the Maghreb in particular (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) Zootaxa 4451: 1-67 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Chatzaki M, Van Keer J (2019) Ground spiders (Araneae: Gnaphosidae, Liocranidae, Prodidomidae) from the Greek islands Rodos, Symi and Karpathos, with the description of new species. Zootaxa 4646: 434-460 pdf

Kovblyuk M M, Kastrygina Z A, Omelko M M (2012b) A review of the spider genus Haplodrassus Chamberlin, 1922 in Crimea (Ukraine) and adjacent areas (Araneae,  Gnaphosidae). Zookeys 205: 59-89 pdf

Levy G (2004) Spiders of the genera Drassodes and Haplodrassus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 50: 1-37 pdf

Schröder M, Chatzaki M, Buchholz S (2011) The spider fauna of the Aladjagiola wetland complex (Nestos Delta, north-east Greece): a reflection of a unique zoogeographical transition zone in Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 102: 217-233 pdf

Seyyar O, Ayyildiz N, Topçu A (2008a) Updated checklist of ground spiders (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) of Turkey, with zoogeographical and faunistic remarks. Entomological News 119: 509-520 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
26-07-2019 Image insert
10-08-2018 Image insert
06-08-2018 Distribution update Detail
30-09-2015 Distribution update Detail
09-04-2013 Distribution update Detail