Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Kochiura  Archer, 1950   1 species

Kochiura aulica  (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Description

Male palp appears disc-shaped. Epigyne with broad chitinous bulge posteriorly. Prosoma yellowish-orange, with slender dark margin and broad brown median stripe. Sternum reddish yellow, margin darkened. Chelicerae yellowish. Legs yellowish, annulated with brown. Opisthosoma light yellowish, sometimes also white or reddish, with broad brown median stripe.

Body length male: 3.5-4.5 mm
Body length female: 3.5-4.7 mm
Additional information

On bushes in very warm regions, Mediterranean species, in some places in Central Europe

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Cape Verde Is., Canary Is., North Africa, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Females with egg sac in July.
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   ( no references ) ||| Algeria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( no references ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Egypt   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( no references ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( no references ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( no references ) ||| Libya   ( no references ) ||| Malta   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Morocco   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Tunisia   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Buchholz S (2013) Spider records from East Macedonia and Thrace (NE Greece). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 45: 45-53

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78 (2): 411-442

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Rozwałka R, Dawidowicz Ł, Wawer W (2017b) Three alien spider species (Araneae: Theridiidae) newly found in Poland. Fragmenta Faunistica 60: 61-66 pdf

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
21-11-2017 Image insert
18-11-2017 Distribution update Detail
24-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
12-07-2013 Distribution update Detail