Palp similar to that of L. tredecimguttatus. Prosoma 2.4 mm long. Colouration as in female, but with more contrast.Body length male: 3.4-6.2 mm
Vulva: copulatory ducts forming 4 coils, spermathecae parallel. Prosoma brown, 4.4 mm long. Legs: patella and tip of tibia darker. Opisthosoma dark brown to black, dorsally with loop-like brown blotches, ventrally with a dark red marking. Opisthosoma clothed with very long hair-like bristles.Body length female: 8.1-13 mm
Usually around houses, under or between stones, or on low vegetations. Altitude up to 1050 m.
This species is assumed to be less toxic than the European L. tredecimguttatus, but it can bite humans, as also all other Latrodectus species in the world. Often, a bite causes significant effects, with severe and long-lasting pain in two-thirds of cases, preventing patients from sleeping in one-third of cases. Pain increases in more than half of the cases within the first hour and mostly radiates into the limbs or abdominal pain develops. Typical symptoms include sweating in about 70% of cases and further systemic effects in 20–30% of cases (nausea and vomiting in less than 20%, raised temperature and neuromuscular effects in about 10%, hypertension in less than 10% of cases). Pain usually lasts 1–2 days and the other symptoms 1–4 days. If needed, a symptomatic medical treatment is recommended.
This species of African origin is not native to Europe (alien species). Introductions to several countries did not lead to established populations but it occurs in Turkey.
Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info
Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org
Knoflach B, van Harten A (2002) The genus Latrodectus (Araneae: Theridiidae) from mainland Yemen, the Socotra Archipelago and adjacent countries. Fauna of Arabia 19: 321-361
Levy G (1998c) Araneae: Theridiidae. In Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
Nolan M (2012b) A button in a balafon; an occurrence of the widow spider Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch (Araneae, Theridiidae) in Ireland. Newsl Br arachnol Soc 124: 6-7
|18-11-2017||Distribution update||Old value|