Eutichuridae  Lehtinen, 1967 / Cheiracanthium  C. L. Koch, 1839   28 species

Cheiracanthium punctorium  (Villers, 1789)

Description

Tibial apophysis with equally long branches. Tip of cymbium longer than 1/3 of cymbium (without cymbial spur). Vulva with medially constricted receptaculum seminis, entrance ducts distant. Prosomal length female: 3.9-7.5 mm, prosomal length male: 3.5-6.3 mm. Chelicerae male: diverging distally.

Body length male: 7.5-12 mm
Body length female: 10-15 mm
Additional information

in herbaceous and bush layer of warm, open habitats.

This species can bite humans, usually when they try to catch it or squeeze it accidentally. Bite results in an immediate burning pain, reaching its maximum intensity after 5–20 minutes and lasting for a few hours. Pain intensity was compared to a wasp sting or even stronger. The bite may cause moderate local swelling and redness. There are no necrotic skin reactions. If needed, a symptomatic medical treatment is recommended.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Belik K, Rozwałka R (2007) New data of Cheiracanthium punctorium (Villers, 1789) (Araneae: Miturgidae) and notes of distribution of this species in Poland. Przegl Zool 51: 157-161

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2018a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 2 September 2018], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Nentwig W, Gnädinger M, Fuchs J, Ceschi A (2013) A two year study of verified spider bites in Switzerland and a review of the European spider bite literature. Toxicon 73: 104-110

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Reimoser E (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 16: Familie Gnaphosidae oder Plattbauchspinnen; 17: Familie Anyphaenidae oder Zartspinnen; 18: Familie Clubionidae oder Röhrenspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Sterghiu C (1985) Fam. Clubionidae. In Fauna Republicii Socialiste România: Arachnida Academia Republicii Socialiste Bucharest

Urones C (1987) Las arañas de bolsa (Familia Clubionidae). La especie "Cheiracantium Punctorium" (Villers) nueva para Salamanca. Salamanca Revista Provincial de Estudios 22-23: 345-355

Wolf A (unpubl.)

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
02-02-2017 Image insert
26-11-2013 Datasheet update Old value
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value