Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Piniphantes  Saaristo & Tanasevitch, 1996   3 species

Piniphantes pinicola  (Simon, 1884)

Description

Palp male: spine on patella smaller than spine on tibia, lamella ventrally with large distal tooth. Epigyne with distinct scapus. Prosoma yellow-brown. Legs yellow-brown. Opisthosoma grey to black.

Body length male: 1.8-2.2 mm
Body length female: 1.8-2.9 mm
Additional information

In rocky and grass heathland of mountains

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus (Russia, Georgia, Armenia), Iran, Turkmenistan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Armenia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Czechia   (Řezáč et al., 2021) ||| France   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Koç H, Coşar İ, Karanfil K C, Arslan M (2013) Two new genus records for spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Munis Entomology and Zoology 8: 588-592 pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Komnenov M (2017) New data on spider fauna (Araneae) of Shar Mountain, north-western Macedonia. Proceedings of the 5th Congress of the Ecologists of Macedonia, with international participation (Ohrid, 19th-22nd October 2016). Special issues of the Macedonian Ecological Society 13: 44-61 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Řezáč M, Růžička V, Hula V, Dolanský J, Machač O, Roušar A (2021) Spiders newly observed in Czechia in recent years – overlooked or invasive species? BioInvasions Records 10: 555-566 pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester, England, 204 pp. pdf

Růžička V (2012b) Pavouci České republiky. Pavouk 33: 3-5 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
05-08-2021 Distribution update Detail
06-01-2019 Distribution update Detail
03-10-2017 Distribution update Detail
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail