Salticidae: Attulus Simon, 1889

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1
Males

  2  

- Females

  14  

2
(1)
Bulbus round

  3  

- Bulbus oval or quadrangular

  9  

3
(2)
Tibial apophysis long, projecting, ± bent

  4  

- Tibial apophysis slender, triangular, pointed

  5  

4
(3)

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Tibial apophysis bent towards bulbus; embolus twisted around bulbus, its base covered; opisthosoma dorsally without white spots

Attulus terebratus (Clerck, 1757)

female

-

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Tibial apophysis only slightly bent; embolus short and robust; opisthosoma dorsally with a pair of white spots

Attulus pubescens (Fabricius, 1775)

female

5
(3)

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Embolus at its base distinctly separated from bulbus

Attulus zimmermanni (Simon, 1877)

female

- Embolus at its base covered by a white membrane of bulbus

  6  

6
(5)

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Sperm duct slightly S-like bent; tibial apophysis broad at its base; femora uniformly dark

Attulus floricola (C. L. Koch, 1837)

female

- Sperm duct strongly S-like bent; tibial apophysis longer and narrower; femora not uniformly dark

  7  

7
(6)

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Pedipalps without striking white hairs; pedipalp as fig.

Attulus caricis (Westring, 1861)

female

- Pedipalps with striking white hairs, mainly on femur and patella

  8  

8
(7)

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Prosoma with 3 distinct narrow longitudinal stripes consisting of white hairs; cymbium and bulbus comparatively large; basal half of femora bright; pedipalp as fig.

Attulus rupicola (C. L. Koch, 1837)

female

-

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Prosoma with one bright median longitudinal stripe, the two lateral stripes less distinct, broadened above coxa III, from there often a vague transverse line running to median line; cymbium and bulbus comparatively small

Attulus inexpectus (Logunov & Kronestedt, 1997)

female

9
(2)

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Embolus broad, parallel to bulbal main axis, slightly bent distally

Attulus dzieduszyckii (L. Koch, 1870)

female

- Embolus narrow, diagonal to bulbal main axis

  10  

10
(9)

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Tibial apophysis broad, slantingly truncated distally, ending blunt

Sittisax saxicola (C. L. Koch, 1846)

female

- Tibial apophysis ending in a pointed tip

  11  

11
(10)

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Tibial apophysis broadly triangular, straight

Attulus distinguendus (Simon, 1868)

female

- Tibial apophysis narrower and bent

  12  

12
(11)

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Tibial apophysis long, uniformly bent

Attulus longipes (Canestrini, 1873)

female

- Tibial apophysis shortly triangular, ± distinct tip

  13  

13
(12)

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Pedipalp dorsally unicoloured, with white bristles; pedipalp tibia moderately thickened; pedipalp as fig.

Attulus saltator (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1868)

female

-

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Pedipalp dorsally with distinctly marked off colour pattern; pedipalp tibia strongly thickened; pedipalp as fig.

Attulus penicillatus (Simon, 1875)

female

14
(1)
Copulatory openings of epigyne not visible from the outside

  15  

- Epigyne with distinctly visible copulatory openings

  16  

15
(14)

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Epigyne only consisting of a sclerotised depression with 2 dark spots; vulva simple

Attulus pubescens (Fabricius, 1775)

male

-

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Epigyne is a complexly sclerotised plate; vulva complex, as fig.

Attulus dzieduszyckii (L. Koch, 1870)

male

16
(14)
Epigyne with distinctly developed groove, with covered copulatory openings at bottom

  17  

- Epigyne without distinct groove, copulatory openings distinct

  20  

17
(16)
Epigynal groove in anterior half of epigyne

  18  

- Epigynal groove in posterior half of epigyne

  24  

18
(17)

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Epigynal groove longer than wide

Sittisax saxicola (C. L. Koch, 1846)

male

- Epigynal groove wider than long

  19  

19
(18)

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Epigynal groove with 2 openings, connected with posterior epigynal margin by narrow longitudinal depressions

Attulus longipes (Canestrini, 1873)

male

-

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Epigynal groove slit-like

Attulus terebratus (Clerck, 1757)

male

20
(16)

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Epigynal groove inversely V-like developed

Attulus zimmermanni (Simon, 1877)

male

- Epigynal groove roundish heart-shaped (for determination of the following 4 species a vulva preparation is needed)

  21  

21
(20)

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Entrance duct leading to anterior end of receptacula seminis, with single twist

Attulus floricola (C. L. Koch, 1837)

male

- Entrance duct leading to middle part of receptacula seminis

  22  

22
(21)

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Entrance duct with single twist

Attulus caricis (Westring, 1861)

male

- Entrance duct stronger convoluted

  23  

23
(22)

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Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Attulus rupicola (C. L. Koch, 1837)

male

-

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Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Attulus inexpectus (Logunov & Kronestedt, 1997)

male

24
(17)

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Copulatory openings distinctly separated over 1/2 of epigyne length by narrow elevation

Attulus penicillatus (Simon, 1875)

male

- Different

  25  

25
(24)

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Due to broad elevation in anterior epigynal part 2 small, anteriorly open grooves indicated

Attulus saltator (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1868)

male

-

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Epigyne and vulva as fig.

Attulus distinguendus (Simon, 1868)

male

Further taxa

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1. Attulus ammophilus (Thorell, 1875)

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2. Attulus atricapillus (Simon, 1882)

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3. Attulus avocator (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1885)

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4. Attulus barsakelmes (Logunov & Rakov, 1998)

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5. Attulus damini (Chyzer, 1891)

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6. Attulus goricus (Ovtsharenko, 1978)

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7. Attulus inopinabilis (Logunov, 1992)

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8. Attulus pulchellus (Logunov, 1992)

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9. Attulus relictarius (Logunov, 1998)

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10. Attulus rivalis (Simon, 1937)

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11. Attulus vilis (Kulczyński, 1895)