These photos have been contributed by the copyright holders for the purpose of araneae, i.e. spider identification. If you want to use it differently, please contact the copyright holder.
Pachygnatha clercki Sundevall, 1823
Female Hans-Ulrich Kohler
Female Barbara Thaler-Knoflach
Female Jørgen Lissner
Female abdominal markings Jørgen Lissner