Tetragnathidae  Menge, 1866 / Pachygnatha  Sundevall, 1823   9 species

Pachygnatha clercki  Sundevall, 1823

Description

Conductor with hook-shaped tip. Paracymbium distally rounded, lateral tooth small. Epigyne with straight slit. Vulva with kidney-shaped receptaculum seminis. Prosoma reddish yellow or brown with dark margin and median stripe. Sternum reddish brown. Chelicerae dark brown. Legs light yellow to yellow-brown. Opisthosoma mostly light yellow, folium only vague, sometimes with dark median line dorsally, mostly darker ventrally than dorsally.

Body length male: 4.5-5 mm
Body length female: 5.5-6 mm
Additional information

In very damp meadows, mostly near waters

Frequency: Frequent

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): North America, Europe, Caucasus, Russia, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
mostly in spring
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pantini P, Sassu A, Serra G (2013) Catalogue of the spiders (Arachnida Araneae) of Sardinia. Biodiversity Journal 4: 3-104

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1963a) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, XII. Tetragnathidae-Streckspinnen und Dickkiefer. Tierwelt Deutschlands 49

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
25-06-2013 Distribution update Old value