Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Scotophaeus  Simon, 1893   17 species

Scotophaeus quadripunctatus  (Linnaeus, 1758)


Tibial apophysis ± uniformly tapering off towards the tip. Epigyne with roundish epigynal groove, slightly wider than long. Prosoma light brown to dark red-brown. Opisthosoma light brown to dark red-brown.

Body length male: 7.5-9.4 mm
Body length female: 9.2-16.1 mm
Additional information

Mainly in buildings, caves, rarely in natural habitats under bark.

  No data
Distribution comment: Turkey: deleted (misident. per Indzhov in litt., probably Echemus sp.)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus
 male  female

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Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet:

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at pdf

Platnick N I, Shadab M U (1977) A revision of the spider genera Herpyllus and Scotophaeus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in North America. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 159: 1-44

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. pl. I - XXI Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 1-141

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

27-11-2018 Distribution update Old value
14-06-2016 Distribution update Old value