Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Scotophaeus  Simon, 1893   17 species

Scotophaeus quadripunctatus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Description

Tibial apophysis ± uniformly tapering off towards the tip. Epigyne with roundish epigynal groove, slightly wider than long. Prosoma light brown to dark red-brown. Opisthosoma light brown to dark red-brown.

Body length male: 7.5-9.4 mm
Body length female: 9.2-16.1 mm
Additional information

Mainly in buildings, caves, rarely in natural habitats under bark.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Turkey: deleted (misident. per Indzhov in litt., probably Echemus sp.)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Akpınar A, Varol M İ, El-Hennawy H K (2016) New records to the spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae: Eutichuridae, Gnaphosidae). Serket 15: 41-43 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Platnick N I, Shadab M U (1977) A revision of the spider genera Herpyllus and Scotophaeus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in North America. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 159: 1-44

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. pl. I - XXI Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 1-141

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
27-11-2018 Distribution update Old value
14-06-2016 Distribution update Old value