Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Pelecopsis  Simon, 1864   39 species

Pelecopsis parallela  (Wider, 1834)

Description

Tibial apophysis with tubercular structure on the outer side. Prosoma dark brown, male: cephalic lobe flat, half as high as long. Opisthosoma black-brown, female: without dorsal scutum.

Body length male: 1-1.5 mm
Body length female: 1.5-1.8 mm
Additional information

Prefers humid conditions, in forests and open terrain

Frequency: relatively frequent

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Holm Å (1979) A taxonomic study of European and East African species of the genera Pelecopsis and Trichopterna (Araneae, Linyphiidae), with descriptions of a new genus and two new species of Pelecopsis from Kenya. Zool Scripta 8: 255-278

Kuralt Ž, Kostanjšek R (2019) A contribution to the Slovenian spider fauna – IV. Natura Sloveniae 21: 21-45 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester

Wiehle H (1960a) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae). XI. Micryphantidae-Zwergspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 47: 1-620

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
15-10-2019 Image insert
15-10-2019 Distribution update Old value
17-12-2018 Image insert
12-02-2015 Image insert
24-06-2014 Distribution update Old value
02-04-2013 Image insert