Amaurobiidae  Thorell, 1870 / Amaurobius  C. L. Koch, 1837   38 species

Amaurobius pallidus  L. Koch, 1868

Description

Tibial apophysis with distally broadly rounded retrolateral process. Epigyne without groove. Prosoma yellow-brown, head region distinctly darker. Sternum yellow-brown. Chelicerae black-brown. Legs light brown, with indistinct dark annulations. Opisthosoma grey-yellow, dorsally a longish, dark spot in anterior part, pointed posteriorly, broken into small chevrons in posterior half.

Body length male: 8-10 mm
Body length female: 8-12.5 mm
Additional information

Under stones and in brickwork.

Frequency: Rarely found

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Germany: not established, therefore deleted (Blick et al., 2016)
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Southeastern Europe to Georgia
Figures
Distribution List
Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Blick T, Finch O-D, Harms K H, Kiechle J, Kielhorn K-H , Kreuels M, Malten A, Martin D, Muster C, Nährig D, Platen R, Rödel I, Scheidler M, Staudt A, Stumpf H, Tolke D (2016) Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneae) Deutschlands. 3. Fassung, Stand April 2008, einzelne Änderungen und Nachträge bis August 2015. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70/4: 383-510 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Thaler K, Knoflach B (1993) Two new Amaurobius species (Araneae: Amaurobiidae) from Greece. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 9: 132-136 pdf

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 42: 1-150 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
27-08-2019 Distribution update Detail
21-10-2015 Distribution update Detail
02-03-2015 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail