Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Enoplognatha  Pavesi, 1880   30 species

Enoplognatha oelandica  (Thorell, 1875)

Description

Male palp with small basal tubercles on radix. Epigyne with weakly forwardly bent posterior margin, sclerotised posterior margin of epigynal groove 1-2 times as wide as diameter of groove. Prosoma brown, with slender, black margin. Sternum brown, tinged with black, margin black. Chelicerae dark brown. Legs brown, all segments darker distally. Opisthosoma grey, dorsally with vague folium.

Body length male: 2.5-3 mm
Body length female: 3-5 mm
Additional information

Amongst grass in sunny and warm places

Frequency: Very rarely found

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Spain   (Monzo et al., 2011; Branco et al., 2019) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J (1999) The genus Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 in the Mediterranean region (Araneae: Theridiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 209-241 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Monzo C, Molla O, Vanaclocha P, Montzon H, Melic A, Castañera P, Urbaneja A (2011) Citrus-orchard ground harbours a diverse, well-established and abundant ground-dwelling spider fauna. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 9: 606-616 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Van Keer J, Van Keer K, De Koninck H, Ramel G (2010) The arachnofauna (Araneae) of wetland Kerkini (Macedonia-Northern Central Greece). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 62: 141-160 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Wunderlich J (1976) Zur Kenntnis der mitteleuropäischen Arten der Gattung Enoplognatha Pavesi und Robertus O. Pick. Cambridge Senckenbergiana Biologica 57: 97-112 pdf

Updates
06-05-2021 Distribution update Detail
06-05-2021 Distribution insert Detail
24-09-2015 Distribution update Detail
18-12-2014 Image insert