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Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xysticus  C. L. Koch, 1835   82 species

Xysticus obscurus  Collett, 1877

Description

Male palp with 2 striking tegular apophyses, the median is hammer-shaped with a massive prolateral branch and blunt tip, the lateral apophysis forms a partially opened tube with bevelled tip. Tibial apophysis bipartite, ventral apophysis large and square-edged, retrolateral apophysis very characteristic in lateral view with broad base and strikingly narrowed apically. Epigyne with circular epigynal groove, posterior side not dark. Vulva laterally with pocket-shaped depressions. Prosoma margined fine dark or black. Female: coloured in different velvety beige and sandy tones. Male: brown to dark brown. Cheeks in female with 3 longitudinal stripes and bright meandered in both sexes. Sternum brown or cream-beige medially and dark brown and yellow-brown on margin. Chelicerae brown proximally, beige and cream patterned distally, female: frontally with especially long spine and further robust spines, male: with long, fine spine. Legs brown to dark brown (female: sandy beige to brown beige), dorsally with fine, brown longitudinal stripes and median, white longitudinal line. Opisthosoma brown with irregular white margin and posteriorly thin, interrupted white to brown-beige transverse bands. Spinnerets brown and margined by fine white line.

Body length male: 5.8-6.8 mm
Body length female: 7.5-8.6 mm
Additional information

On shrubbery and trees, small bushes and low vegetation, only in higher levels, up to 2000 m

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): North America, Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East)
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Belarus   (Ivanov, 2013) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Estonia   (no references) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Lithuania   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Northern   (no references) ||| Russia, Western   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Ukraine   (no references) |||
References

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Biteniekyte M, Relys V (2012) The checklist of Lithuanian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Biologija 57: 148-158 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Hirna A, Gnelitsa V, Zhukovets E (2016) A checklist of the spiders (Araneae) of the Chornohora Mountain massif (Ukrainian Carpathians). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 51: 16-38 pdf

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Thaler K, Knoflach B (1995b) Xysticus obscurus Collett - eine arktoalpine Krabbenspinne neu für Österreich (Arachnida, Araneida: Thomisidae). Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck 82: 145-152 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
11-01-2021 Image insert
18-12-2020 Image insert
07-01-2019 Distribution update Detail
12-07-2018 Image insert
30-09-2015 Distribution update Detail
28-04-2014 Distribution update Detail