Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Gnaphosa  Latreille, 1804   69 species

Gnaphosa muscorum  (L. Koch, 1866)

Beschreibung

Bulbus mit kräftiger, gebogener Apophyse (kann abbrechen). Embolus lang und peitschenförmig. Epigyne mit Scapus, breiter als lang. Prosoma hell rotbraun-schwarzbraun, Augenbereich dunkler. Beine dunkler. Opisthosoma hell rotbraun-schwarzbraun.

Körperlänge Männchen: 7.3-9.5 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 7.5-15 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

In lichten und trockenen Nadelwäldern und Heiden, tagsüber unter Moos, Rinde oder Steinen, bis 2500 m. Kokon weiss, kreisrund, Durchmesser 14 mm

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Verbreitung Kommentar: Nachweis Kaukasus muss noch verifiziert werden (Otto 2017)
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2021): North America, Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, China, Korea
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Austria   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Lithuania   (no references) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Northern   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) |||
Literatur

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Kielhorn K-H (2016) Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Webspinnen und Weberknechte in Berlin und Brandenburg. Märkische Entomologische Nachrichten 17(2): 261-286 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Ovtsharenko V I, Platnick N I, Song D X (1992) A review of the North Asian ground spiders of the genus Gnaphosa (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 212: 1-88 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. Stockholm (Entomol Fören.): 141 pp. pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
24-03-2021 Image insert
22-07-2019 Distribution update Detail
13-03-2018 Image insert