Bulbus with robust, bent apophysis (can break off). Embolus long and whip-like. Epigyne with scapus wider than long. Prosoma bright red-brown to black-brown, eye region darker. Legs darker. Opisthosoma bright red-brown to black-brown.Body length male: 7.3-9.5 mm
In open and dry coniferous forests and heathland, under moss, bark or stones during the day, up to 2500 m. Cocoon white, circular, diameter 14 mm
Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)
Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm
Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)
Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.
Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152