Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Psammitis  Menge, 1876   9 species

Psammitis ninnii  (Thorell, 1872)

Description

Male palp with flat tegulum with small, blunt ridge. lateral tibial apophysis with almost parallel sides. Embolus with rough surface structure and widened to a small lancet-shaped leaflet. Epigyne bright, broad-oval with lateral slit-shaped opening, 1-2 short transverse folds. Vulva consisting of 2 sac-like, compact structures. Prosoma brown to dark brown, high-contrastingly patterned, with bright, broad, indented median band, variable. Sides with blackish spots. Sternum brown to sandy brown or beige. Female: cream to white, partly darker on margin. Chelicerae longish, brown to light brown, patterned beige, slightly spined frontally and provided with a longer spine (strongly spined in female). Legs unicoloured and inconspicuous, dorsally slightly darker. Female: with distinct white longitudinal stripes. Male: without longitudinal stripes. Opisthosoma with broad, white or cream margin, otherwise dark brown or black-brown with lancet- or oak leaf-shaped, cream, beige or brown folium, 5 sigilla.

Body length male: 4.2-5.2 mm
Body length female: 5.5-7.5 mm
Additional information

in dry meadows, forest steppes and rocky heathland of the mountains, up to 1800 m

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Crome W (1965) Studien an Krabbenspinnen. Dt Ent Z 12: 421-441

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it

Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/images/stories/museo/Ricerche/Pantini%20&%20Isaia%20-%20Checklist%20of%20the%20Italian%20spiders%20June%202018.pdf
Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78: 379-393

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröff Mus Ferdinandeum 61: 105-150

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value