Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   177 species

Dysdera ninnii  Canestrini, 1868

Description
Male

Bulb 1.1 mm long. Prosoma 3.7 mm long. Prosoma carmine red to dark red-brown, with round, distinct depressions. Head region flat. Sternum with round, distinct depressions. Femur spineless. Tibia IV only distally with ventral spines. Opisthosoma carmine-red to dark red-brown.

Body length male: 5-10 mm
Female

Prosoma dark red-brown, 3.8 mm long. Prosoma and sternum covered with punctures. Eyes: anteriors 0.5 diameter apart. Chelicerae with 4 or 5 teeth. Legs: femur IV spineless, tibia III with 2 small spines, tibia IV with one ventral small spine, metatarsus III spineless, metatarsus IV with 2 to 4 spines.

Body length female: 5-10 mm
Additional information

Usually in fallow meadows, also in coniferous or deciduous forests, scree slopes, under stones and in litter. Altitude up to 1500 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Correction of the country records after Rezáč et al. (2014)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adults of both sexes probably all the year.
Figures
Distribution List
Croatia   (Řezáč et al., 2014) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019; Řezáč et al., 2014) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; Řezáč et al., 2014) ||| Switzerland   (Řezáč et al., 2014) |||
References

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 131: 141-269 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2001a) Sei nuove specie di Dysderidae d'Italia e di Grecia (Araneae). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 141: 291-301 pdf

Řezáč M, Gasparo F, Král J, Heneberg P (2014) Integrative taxonomy and evolutionary history of a newly revealed spider Dysdera ninnii complex (Araneae: Dysderidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 172: 451-474 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
30-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
19-09-2018 Distribution update Detail
16-02-2016 Distribution update Detail
26-03-2015 Image insert
02-09-2014 Image insert
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail