Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   165 species

Dysdera ninnii  Canestrini, 1868

Description
Male

Bulb 1.1 mm long. Prosoma 3.7 mm long. Prosoma carmine red to dark red-brown, with round, distinct depressions. Head region flat. Sternum with round, distinct depressions. Femur spineless. Tibia IV only distally with ventral spines. Opisthosoma carmine-red to dark red-brown.

Body length male: 5-10 mm
Female

Prosoma dark red-brown, 3.8 mm long. Prosoma and sternum covered with punctures. Eyes: anteriors 0.5 diameter apart. Chelicerae with 4 or 5 teeth. Legs: femur IV spineless, tibia III with 2 small spines, tibia IV with one ventral small spine, metatarsus III spineless, metatarsus IV with 2 to 4 spines.

Body length female: 5-10 mm
Additional information

Usually in fallow meadows, also in coniferous or deciduous forests, scree slopes, under stones and in litter. Altitude up to 1500 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Correction of the country records after Rezáč et al. (2014)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adults of both sexes probably all the year.
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschr Ent 131: 141-269

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. [Old pdf-version: Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at Pantini_&_Isaia_- _Checklist_of_the_Italian_spiders._June_2018.] Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2001a) Sei nuove specie di Dysderidae d'Italia e di Grecia (Araneae). Atti Soc it Sci nat Museo civ Stor nat Milano 141: 291-301

Rezáč M, Gasparo F, Král J, Heneberg P (2014) Integrative taxonomy and evolutionary history of a newly revealed spider Dysdera ninnii complex (Araneae: Dysderidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 172: 451-474 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
19-09-2018 Distribution update Old value
16-02-2016 Distribution update Old value
26-03-2015 Image insert
02-09-2014 Image insert
04-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value