Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Heterotheridion  Wunderlich, 2008   1 species

Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum  (Simon, 1873)

Description

Palp male: with long, bent tibia. Epigyne very small, black, bipartite. Pattern regarding width of marginal band on prosoma and sternum, spots on opisthosoma and rings very variable, whole animal sometimes citreous or white. Prosoma yellowish, and sternum yellowish white with fine, dark margin. Chelicerae yellowish. Legs whitish, yellow, annulated with black. Opisthosoma completely white or yellowish with large black spots.

Body length male: 3-3.5 mm
Body length female: 3-4.1 mm
Additional information

In very warm places on shrubs and shrubbery

Frequency: frequent in some places

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia to Central Asia, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Barrientos J A, Febrer J B (2018) Arañas (Arachnida, Araneae) de Menorca (Islas Baleares, España). 2: “adenda et corrigenda”. Descripción de tres especies nuevas. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 33: 39-51 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Grbic G, Savic D (2010) Contribution to the knowledge of the spider fauna (Arachnida, Araneae) on the Fruška Gora Mt. Acta entomologica serbica 15: 243-260

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Jäger P, Staudt A, Schwarz B, Busse C (2000) Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneae) von Weinbergen und Weinbergsbrachen am Mittelrhein (Rheinland-Pfalz: Boppard, Oberwesel). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 19: 28-40

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Russell-Smith A, Allison R, Askins M, Blumsom W, Snazell R, Spilling C (2011) A provisional checklist and gazetteer of the spiders of Chios, Greece (Arachnida: Araneae). Bull Br Arachnol Soc 15: 133-167

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
09-01-2019 Distribution update Old value
24-09-2015 Distribution update Old value
24-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
04-12-2013 Distribution update Old value