Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Scotophaeus  Simon, 1893   18 species

Scotophaeus blackwalli  (Thorell, 1871)

Description

Tibial apophysis smaller than tibia. Embolus short and straight. Epigynal groove with lateral bulge. Prosoma light brown to red-brown. Opisthosoma light to red-brown.

Body length male: 4.7-9.3 mm
Body length female: 7-11.7 mm
Additional information

Under bark and in tree stumps, also in buildings

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe. Introduced to North America, Peru, Hawaii
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2017) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: October 2017. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 12.10.2017)

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Platnick N I, Shadab M U (1977) A revision of the spider genera Herpyllus and Scotophaeus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in North America. Bull Am Mus Nat Hist 159: 1-44

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. pl. I - XXI Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 1-141

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
09-08-2018 Image insert
22-05-2018 Image insert
16-05-2018 Distribution update Old value
21-10-2015 Distribution update Old value
09-04-2013 Distribution update Old value