Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Gnaphosa  Latreille, 1804   69 species

Gnaphosa nigerrima  L. Koch, 1877

Description

Male palp reddish, base of distal apophysis bent. Epigyne with weakly pronounced scapus. Prosoma brown-black to black, labium reddish. Chelicerae reddish. Legs brown-black to black, with brighter spots.

Body length male: 6.1-7 mm
Body length female: 6.7-9.1 mm
Additional information

In bogs and swampy places

Frequency: Rarely found

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Norway: Løvbrekke H, personal communication 09.09.2015
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Lithuania   (no references) ||| Norway   (Løvbrekke, unpubl.) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Kaliningrad Region   (no references) ||| Russia, Northern   (no references) ||| Russia, Western   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Cera I, Keiss O (2016) Spider species new to the fauna of Latvia and new localities for Gnaphosa lapponum and G. nigerrima (Araneae: Gnaphosidae). Latvijas Entomologs 53: 122-124 pdf

Felton C (1997) Gnaphosa nigerrima L. Koch (Araneae: Gnaphosidae), a spider new to Britain. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 10: 311-312 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Ovtsharenko V I, Platnick N I, Song D X (1992) A review of the North Asian ground spiders of the genus Gnaphosa (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 212: 1-88 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. Stockholm (Entomol Fören.): 141 pp. pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
27-08-2019 Image insert
23-01-2018 Distribution update Detail
10-09-2015 Distribution update Detail