Oecobiidae  Blackwall, 1862 / Oecobius  Lucas, 1846   13 species

Oecobius navus  Blackwall, 1859

Description
Male

Palp: basal apophysis small, prolaterally with a tooth. Prosoma with black margin and spots in eye region or predominantly bright. Prosoma 0.65-0.88 mm long. Legs not to distinctly annulated.

Body length male: 2.2-2.5 mm
Female

Epigyne with long scapus. Prosoma 0.8-1.1 mm long. Sternum yellowish, with faint darker blotches on the edges. Eyes: anterior row straight, posterior row procurved, PME triangular, interdistance AME-AME twice as AME-ALE.

Body length female: 2.2-2.5 mm
Additional information

In garrigue, oak woods, heathlands, under stones, in buildings north of the Alps.

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Belarus: Miasnikou (pers. comm.)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe to northern Africa. Introduced to China, New Zealand, Canada, USA, South America
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Females possibly all the year, males in summer.
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belarus   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| Egypt   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Estonia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( Koponen et al., 2016; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( Bosmans et al., 2013; ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Latvia   ( Cera, 2018; ) ||| Libya   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Malta   ( Pfliegler et al., 2017; ) ||| Morocco   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Baum S (1974) Zum "Cribellaten-Problem": Die Genitalstrukturen der Oecobiinae und Urocteinae (Arach.: Aran.: Oecobiidae). Abh Verh Naturwiss Ver Hamburg 16: 101-153

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Hänggi A, Straub S (2016) Storage buildings and greenhouses as stepping stones for non-native potentially invasive spiders (Araneae) - a baseline study in Basel, Switzerland Arachnologische Mitteilungen 51: 1-8

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mezőfi L (2017) First record of the cosmopolitan spider Oecobius navus Blackwall 1859 (Araneae, Oecobiidae) in Croatia. Zoology and Ecology 27: 54-56 pdf

Mikhailov K G, Borisova N V (2017) On the records of Oecobius spp. (Aranei: Oecobiidae) in European Russia. Russian Entomological Journal 26: 287-288 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Polchaninova N Y, Prokopenko E V (2013) Catalogue of the spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arthropoda Selecta (Suppl.) 2: 1-268 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wilson R (2012) An American jumper in Leeds, west Yorkshire and an update on non-native taxa recorded in the UK. Newsl Br arachnol Soc 123: 10-15 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Wunderlich J (1995l) Zu Taxonomie und Biogeographie der Arten der Gattung Oecobius Lucas 1846, mit Neubeschreibungen aus der Mediterraneis und von der Arabischen Halbinsel (Arachnida: Araneae: Oecobiidae). Beitr Araneol 4: 585-608

Updates
25-06-2019 Datasheet update Detail
25-06-2019 Distribution update Detail
19-10-2017 Distribution update Detail
22-02-2017 Datasheet update Detail
22-02-2017 Distribution update Detail
12-04-2016 Image insert
24-04-2015 Distribution update Detail
11-09-2014 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
16-11-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail