Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Gnaphosa  Latreille, 1804   66 species

Gnaphosa lugubris  (C. L. Koch, 1839)

Description

Bulbus with distal apophysis, its base without a bend or step. Epigyne laterally with square-edged part. Prosoma red-brown to dark brown, eye region darker. Legs darker than prosoma. Opisthosoma red-brown to dark brown.

Body length male: 7.5-10.7 mm
Body length female: 8.3-10.5 mm
Additional information

In warm locations (dry meadows, rock steppes), in heathland and humid places (meadows, reeds), under stones, bark or in moss during the day, up to 2500 m

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe to Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Biteniekyte M, Relys V (2012) The checklist of Lithuanian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Biologija 57: 148-158

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Felton C (1997) Gnaphosa nigerrima L. Koch (Araneae: Gnaphosidae), a spider new to Britain.   Bull Br Arachnol Soc 10: 311-312

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lecigne S (2018a) Gnaphosa ogeri n.sp., a new species from France (Araneae: Gnaphosidae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 33: 45-58 pdf

Lecigne S (2018b) Récits de chasses aranéologiques récentes dans plusieurs départements de France. Redécouverte de Philodromus buchari Kubcová, 2004 (Araneae: Philodromidae) et confirmation de la présence de Theridion harmsi Wunderlich, 2011 (Araneae: Theridiidae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 33: 59-99 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Ovtsharenko V I, Platnick N I, Song D X (1992) A review of the North Asian ground spiders of the genus Gnaphosa (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 212: 1-88

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
20-09-2018 Image insert
19-09-2018 Image insert
30-09-2015 Distribution update Old value
09-04-2013 Distribution update Old value