Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Dipoena  Thorell, 1869   14 species

Dipoena melanogaster  (C. L. Koch, 1837)

Description

Male palp with hammer-shaped bulbal apophysis. Epigyne horseshoe-like sclerotised anteriorly. Prosoma dark brown to almost black, shiny. Sternum dark brown to black. Chelicerae dark brown to black. Legs yellowish, with dark annulations. Opisthosoma dorsally grey to almost white with dark brown spots and lines, ventrally unicoloured dark brown-black.

Body length male: 2.5-3.5 mm
Body length female: 2.5-3.6 mm
Additional information

In sunny forest edges on the ground or on lower twigs of trees and bushes

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, North Africa to Azerbaijan, Iran
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Barrientos J A, Febrer B (2017) Arañas (Arachnida, Araneae) de Menorca (Islas Baleares, España). Nuevos datos. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 31: 8-24 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Miller F (1967) Studien über die Kopulationsorgane der Spinnengattung Zelotes, Micaria, Robertus und Dipoena nebst Beschreibung einiger neuen oder unvollkommen bekannten Spinnenarten. Acta Sc Nat Brno 1: 251-298

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
12-07-2018 Image insert
30-12-2017 Distribution update Old value
21-10-2015 Distribution update Old value
24-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
04-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value