Oecobiidae  Blackwall, 1862 / Oecobius  Lucas, 1846   15 species

Oecobius maculatus  Simon, 1870

Description
Male

Palp: basal apophysis largest in the distal half. Prosoma mostly bright, partly spotted. Prosoma 0.51-0.85 mm long. Legs not to distinctly annulated. Opisthosoma mainly bright, partly spotted.

Body length male: 1.4-2.1 mm
Female

Epigyne with short scapus. Prosoma 0.56-0.77 mm long.

Body length female: 1.4-2.6 mm
Additional information

Under stones, in walls and litter.

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: No records from Austria (B. Thaler-Knoflach, pers. comm.)
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Mediterranean to Azerbaijan. Introduced to USA, Mexico
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Albania   (van Helsdingen & IJland, 2015) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018; Naumova et al., 2017) ||| Croatia   (Líznarová & Pekár, 2015) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Egypt   (El-Hennawy, 2017a) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (Le Peru, 2007) ||| Georgia   (Seropian et al., 2023b) ||| Greece   (Buchholz, 2013) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Pfliegler et al., 2012) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Malta   (Pfliegler et al., 2017) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (Moscaliuc, 2013) ||| Serbia   (Tomić & Grbić, 2008; Grbić & Savić, 2010) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; Kostanjšek & Gorjan, 2013) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2024a) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Demircan & Topçu, 2016) ||| Ukraine   (Deli et al., 2023) |||
References

Baum S (1974) Zum "Cribellaten-Problem": Die Genitalstrukturen der Oecobiinae und Urocteinae (Arach.: Aran.: Oecobiidae). Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 16: 101-153 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Buchholz S (2013) Spider records from East Macedonia and Thrace (NE Greece). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 45: 45-53 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S, Coşar İ (2024a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2024 [last updated 01 January 2024], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deli O F, Trach V A, Pidhorna S Y, Chernychko K Y (2023) The finding of the Oecobius rhodiensis Kritscher, 1966 (Aranei: Oecobiidae) of Odesa region. Odesa National University Herald Biology 28: 89-96 pdf

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

El-Hennawy H K (2017a) A list of Egyptian spiders (revised in 2017). Serket 15: 167-183 pdf

Grbić G, Savić D (2010) Contribution to the knowledge of the spider fauna (Arachnida, Araneae) on the Fruška Gora Mt. Acta Entomologica Serbica 15: 243-260 pdf

Helsdingen P J van, IJland S (2015) A quick scan of the spider fauna in the surroundings of Përmet, Albania (Arachnida, Araneae) - preliminary report. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 35: 15-33 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Gorjan A (2013) A contribution to the Slovenian spider fauna - II. Natura Sloveniae 15: 5-12 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2007) Catalogue et répartition des araignées de France. Revue Arachnologique 16: 1-468 pdf

Líznarová E, Pekár S (2015) Trophic niche of Oecobius maculatus (Araneae: Oecobiidae): evidence based on natural diet, prey capture success, and prey handling. Journal of Arachnology 43: 188-193 pdf

Moscaliuc L A (2013) Contributions to the knowledge of Romanian spider fauna. Steps towards an updated checklist. Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 56: 135-142 pdf

Naumova M V, Blagoev G, Dimitrov D, Lazarov S, Deltshev C (2017) New data on the spider fauna (Arachnida: Araneae) of Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 69: 477-481 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W P, Pfeiffer K M, Grabolle A (2012) Some spiders (Araneae) new to the Hungarian fauna, including three genera and one family. Opuscula Zoologica, Budapest 43: 1-8 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Seropian A, Bulbulashvili N, Otto S, Krammer H-J, Kachlishvili N, Datunashvili A (2023b) Picking pearls from the Silk Road: insights into the spider (Arachnida, Araneae) diversity in Georgia from the Caucasus barcode of life project. Part II. Caucasiana 2: 231-297 pdf

Thaler K, Noflatscher M-T (1990) Neue und bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Südtirol (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck 69: 169-190 pdf

Tomić V, Grbić G (2008) Preliminary notes on spider fauna of Mt. Fruska Gora. In: Ćurĉić S, Šimić S (eds.) Invertebrates (Invertebrata) of the Fruska Gora Mountain I. Matica Srpska, Novi Sad, pp. 57-62 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Wunderlich J (1995l) Zu Taxonomie und Biogeographie der Arten der Gattung Oecobius Lucas 1846, mit Neubeschreibungen aus der Mediterraneis und von der Arabischen Halbinsel (Arachnida: Araneae: Oecobiidae). Beiträge zur Araneologie 4: 585-608 pdf

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