Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xysticus  C. L. Koch, 1835   86 species

Xysticus macedonicus  Šilhavý, 1944


Male palp with hammer-shaped median apophysis with pointed ends. Lateral apophysis shovel-like widened, prolateral end twisted to a tip, with distinct tooth in bulge. Tibial apophysis bipartite, ventral apophysis large, with strongly sclerotised edges and irregular shape, retrolateral apophysis broad and ending blunt in lateral view, longish in ventral view. Embolus with broad, feather-like tip, flanked by 2 wing-like structures and transparent distally. Epigyne with thin median septum, which is widened posteriorly. Longish, broad lateral plates on both sides of septum. Prosoma colour very variable (males overall darker). Laterally with broad, black stripes, median triangle large, posteriorly with distinct black spot, arc-like margined by bright stripes on both sides. Sternum beige to brown, partly brightened median and yolk-yellow to yellow-brown on margin. Chelicerae brown, both sexes frontally with one longer spine, females additionally with many small robust spines. Legs long and slender (females thick), coloured like opisthosoma. Opisthosoma distinctly patterned with light brown-ochre triangles on dark background. Spinnerets brown, bordered by a white line.

Body length male: 4.2-6.1 mm
Body length female: 4.3-7.8 mm
Additional information

rarely found mountainous species, apparently confused with X. cristatus / X. audax

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Albania, North Macedonia, Greece, Turkey
Distribution List
Albania   (Kůrka et al., 2020) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Italy   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Switzerland   (no references) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Breitling R (2018) Eric Duffey's spider collection in the Manchester Museum – an update. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 141: 5-9 pdf

Helsdingen P J van, IJland S, Komnenov M (2018) Inventory of the spiders (Araneae) of the border region of northern Greece with Albania and FYR Macedonia. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 37: 5-23 pdf

IJland S, Helsdingen P J van (2019) Update on the spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of Calabria, Italy. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 38: 8-21 pdf

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation, Univ. Graz, 328 pp., 81 pls. pdf

Jantscher E (2001b) Diagnostic characters of Xysticus cristatus, X. audax and X. macedonicus (Araneae: Thomisidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12: 17-25 pdf

Kůrka A, Naumova M, Indzhov S, Deltshev C (2020) New faunistic and taxonomic data on the spider fauna of Albania (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 59: 8-21 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

29-04-2020 Distribution insert Detail
12-03-2019 Datasheet update Detail
05-02-2019 Distribution update Detail
16-04-2018 Image insert
07-03-2016 Image insert