Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Theonina  Simon, 1929   4 species

Theonina kratochvili  Miller & Weiss, 1979


Embolus thin, S-shaped. Epigyne with scapus, ± as long as wide. Prosoma dark grey-green to brown with blackish dorsal spot and radial stripes. Sternum dark brown, shiny. Chelicerae brown, long and robust. Legs yellowish-brown, thin. Opisthosoma dark grey to black.

Body length male: 1.3-1.8 mm
Body length female: 1.3-1.8 mm
Additional information

in dry and warm forest edges

Character states from linyphiid key
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Central Europe to Greece and Ukraine, Russia (Europe, Caucasus)
 male  female
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Greece   (van Helsdingen et al., 2018) ||| Hungary   (Szinetár & Kovács, 2013) ||| North Macedonia   (Komnenov, 2017) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Gnelitsa V A (2009a) A survey of Crimean Linyphiidae (Aranei). 1. On seven rare and little known linyphiids from Crimea. Arthropoda Selecta 17: 191-202 pdf

Helsdingen P J van, IJland S, Komnenov M (2018) Inventory of the spiders (Araneae) of the border region of northern Greece with Albania and FYR Macedonia. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 37: 5-23 pdf

Komnenov M (2017) New data on spider fauna (Araneae) of Shar Mountain, north-western Macedonia. Proceedings of the 5th Congress of the Ecologists of Macedonia, with international participation (Ohrid, 19th-22nd October 2016). Special issues of the Macedonian Ecological Society 13: 44-61 pdf

Miller F, Weiss I (1979) Neue Angaben für die Gattung Theonina Simon und Meioneta Hull aus Mitteleuropa. Věstník Československé Zoologické Společnosti v Praze 43: 30-34 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet:

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Szinetár C, Kovács P (2013) Pókfaunisztikai vizsgálatok a szentbékkállai Fekete-hegyen [The arachnological results of the 5th Hungarian Biodiversity Day at Fekete Hill (Balaton Uplands)]. Folia Musei Historico-Naturalis Bakonyiensis 29: 65-72 pdf

Tanasevitch A V (1987a) The linyphiid spiders of the Caucasus, USSR (Arachnida: Araneae: Linyphiidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 67: 297-383 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

12-07-2021 Distribution update Detail
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31-12-2013 Image insert