Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xysticus  C. L. Koch, 1835   106 species

Xysticus kochi  Thorell, 1872

Description

Male palp with apophyses of bulbus slightly bent toward each other, pliers-like. Median tegular apophysis with 2 branches, one robust and broad, the other small, pointed and tooth-shaped. Tibial apophysis bipartite, one apophysis ventral, broad with apically slanting distal edge, the second one tapering toward the tip. Embolus strongly broadened in last third. Epigyne with width of bar between the two epigynal grooves approximately 1/2 of epigynal groove width. Vulva characterised by broad, wrinkled ground of epigynal grooves with vague course of ducts. Prosoma with black stripes, median triangle large, posteriorly with distinct black spot, arc-like margined by bright stripes on both sides. Sternum light brown, margin brown-yellow, longish oval, scarcely spined. Chelicerae frontally strongly spined. Legs dorsally dark brown with bright longitudinal lines and strong spines. Opisthosoma distinctly patterned with light brown-ochre foliaceous patterns on dark background, colour very variable (males overall darker).

Body length male: 4-5.4 mm
Body length female: 6-10.8 mm
Additional information

near the ground and on low plants, euryoecious, from 480-2100 m

Frequency: Frequent, distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Braendegaard J (1972a) Edderkopper eller spindlere I. Danmarks Fauna 72

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
02-10-2018 Image insert
12-07-2018 Image insert
10-12-2013 Distribution update Old value
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value