Male palp with bulbus and circular tegulum with 2 slightly sclerotised folds. Tibial apophysis ventrally, slightly compact and hook-like bent, one intermediate apophysis, robust in ventral view, horn-shaped, and one retrolateral apophysis, long, bent and ending in a fine tip. Epigyne with circular, shallow epigynal groove. Vulva consisting of 2 parts: large, sac-like structures divided into compartments and 2 longish, slender, tube-shaped structures. Prosoma black brown to dark brown (rarely dark red-brown), contrast-rich, laterally spotted with white like the legs, dorsally with V-shaped pattern, eye field dark brown. Sternum beige, with yellowish margin, bulged and broad, longish oval to roundish or shield-shaped. Bristles dense, short, robust anteriorly, scarce medially. Chelicerae in block stripes, proximally dark brown, followed by beige or cream and distally dark brown again, frontally with short, robust spine or generally with fine soft bristles. Legs dark brown, with white, contrast-rich elements. Opisthosoma brown to dark brown, sometimes light red-brown, with slender, bright and dark longitudinal bands. Spinnerets dark brown, white margined.Body length male: 3.6-4.7 mm
In leaf litter, on low vegetation in heathland and dry meadows, sometimes under stones, from lowland to mountains
Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)
Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info
Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230
Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.
Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152