Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xysticus  C. L. Koch, 1835   106 species

Xysticus kempeleni  Thorell, 1872

Description

Male palp with bulbus and circular tegulum with 2 slightly sclerotised folds. Tibial apophysis ventrally, slightly compact and hook-like bent, one intermediate apophysis, robust in ventral view, horn-shaped, and one retrolateral apophysis, long, bent and ending in a fine tip. Epigyne with circular, shallow epigynal groove. Vulva consisting of 2 parts: large, sac-like structures divided into compartments and 2 longish, slender, tube-shaped structures. Prosoma black brown to dark brown (rarely dark red-brown), contrast-rich, laterally spotted with white like the legs, dorsally with V-shaped pattern, eye field dark brown. Sternum beige, with yellowish margin, bulged and broad, longish oval to roundish or shield-shaped. Bristles dense, short, robust anteriorly, scarce medially. Chelicerae in block stripes, proximally dark brown, followed by beige or cream and distally dark brown again, frontally with short, robust spine or generally with fine soft bristles. Legs dark brown, with white, contrast-rich elements. Opisthosoma brown to dark brown, sometimes light red-brown, with slender, bright and dark longitudinal bands. Spinnerets dark brown, white margined.

Body length male: 3.6-4.7 mm
Body length female: 5.5-7.6 mm
Additional information

In leaf litter, on low vegetation in heathland and dry meadows, sometimes under stones, from lowland to mountains

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe to Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Helsdingen P J van, IJland S, Komnenov M (2018) Inventory of the spiders (Araneae) of the border region of northern Greece with Albania and FYR Macedonia. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 37: 5-23 pdf

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78: 379-393

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Vrenozi B, Jäger P (2012) A faunistic study on ground-dwelling spiders (Araneae) in the Tirana district, Albania. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 81-87

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
16-05-2018 Distribution update Old value
17-03-2018 Image insert
07-03-2016 Image insert