Zodariidae  Thorell, 1881 / Zodarion  Walckenaer, 1826   153 species

Zodarion italicum  (Canestrini, 1868)

Description

Embolus with bent tip. Spermathecae with atrium, clearly visible. Prosoma brown to dark brown with dark pattern. Legs yellowish-orange. Opisthosoma dorsally dark purple-brown, ventrally uniformly pale yellow.

Body length male: 1.6-2.9 mm
Body length female: 2.1-4.3 mm
Additional information

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2023): Europe, Russia (Caucasus)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria  Removed (Blagoev et al., 2018; Deltshev et al., 2022) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Luxembourg   (Kreuels et al., 2019) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia  Removed (Deltshev et al., 2022) ||| Russia, Southern   (Ponomarev et al., 2022) ||| Slovakia   (Gajdoš et al., 2023) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (Lavery, 2019) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R (1997) Revision of the genus Zodarion Walckenaer, 1833, part II.  Western and Central Europe, including Italy (Araneae: Zodariidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 10: 265-294 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Deltshev C, Naumova M, Matevski D, Indzhov S (2022) New taxonomic and faunistic data on the genus Zodarion Walckenaer, 1826 (Araneae: Zodariidae) in the Balkans, with the descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa 5174: 247-261 pdf

Denis J (1937a) Contribution à l'étude des araignées du genre Zodarion Walckenaer. Festschrift Embrik Strand 3: 1-50 pdf

Gajdoš P, Majzlan O, David S, Purgat P, Litavský J (2023) Assemblages of ground-living spiders (Araneae) and harvestmen (Opiliones) of the recultivated old chemical waste dump in Vrakuňa. Biológia (Bratislava) 78: 149-162 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (1993) Note su alcuni Zodarion Walckenaer della fauna italiana con descrizione di una nuova specie (Araneae, Zodariidae). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 133: 5-12 pdf

Ponomarev A V, Chumachenko Y A, Shmatko V Y (2022) The first data about spider fauna (Aranei) of dendrological park "Yuzhnye Cultury" (Adler, Krasnodar Territory, Russia). Field Biologist Journal 4: 137-152 pdf

Thaler K, Noflatscher M-T (1990) Neue und bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Südtirol (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck 69: 169-190 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
22-12-2022 Image insert
22-12-2022 Distribution insert Detail
24-08-2022 Distribution insert Detail
24-08-2022 Distribution update Detail
14-05-2020 Distribution insert Detail
29-12-2019 Image insert
15-04-2013 Distribution update Detail