Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactea  Bristowe, 1939   141 species

Harpactea hombergi  (Scopoli, 1763)

Description
Male

Prosoma orange-red. Prosoma 1.6-2 mm long. Legs strikingly coloured, light to dark. Femur I-II with 1-2 spines. Opisthosoma white. Male: conical, laterally flattened.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Female

Prosoma dark brown, 1.8-2 mm long. Chelicerae: promargin with 2 teeth, retromargin with 2 or 3 teeth. Legs pale yellowish, femur, base of tibia and base of anterior metatarsus brownish, femur I and II with one or 2 spines, femur III and IV with 4 spines, coxa IV and patella III spineless, tarsus IV with a distinct onychium. Opisthosoma cylindrical, very slender, pale greyish.

Body length female: 4-5 mm
Additional information

Mainly in forests, heathlands, dunes, meadows, marshes, vineyards, gardens, in houses, caves, under stones and tree bark, among moss and litter.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Not on the Balearic Islands (Bosmans et al. 2017)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Alicata P (1966b) Le Harpactea (Araneae, Dysderidae) della fauna italiana e considerazioni sulla loro origine. Mem Mus Civ St Nat Verona 14: 190-221

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Lissner J, Hernández-Corral J (2017a) The spider family Dysderidae in the Balearic Islands. Zootaxa 4329: 375-391 pdf

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Brignoli P M (1978a) Ragni di Turchia V. Specie nuove o interesanti, cavernicole ed epigee, di varie famiglie (Araneae). Rev Suisse Zool 85: 461-541

Brignoli P M (1979h) Sur quelques Dysderidae de France, d'Espagne et de Tunisie (Araneae). Vie Milieu 28-29(C): 111-116

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Ledoux J-C (2016) Note sur la synonymie d’Harpactea haymozi Brignoli, 1979 et Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763) (Araneae, Dysderidae). Revue Arachnologique 2 3: 27 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
26-09-2018 Distribution update Old value
09-10-2017 Distribution update Old value