Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactea  Bristowe, 1939   144 species

Harpactea hombergi  (Scopoli, 1763)

Description
Male

Prosoma orange-red. Prosoma 1.6-2 mm long. Legs strikingly coloured, light to dark. Femur I-II with 1-2 spines. Opisthosoma white. Male: conical, laterally flattened.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Female

Prosoma dark brown, 1.8-2 mm long. Chelicerae: promargin with 2 teeth, retromargin with 2 or 3 teeth. Legs pale yellowish, femur, base of tibia and base of anterior metatarsus brownish, femur I and II with one or 2 spines, femur III and IV with 4 spines, coxa IV and patella III spineless, tarsus IV with a distinct onychium. Opisthosoma cylindrical, very slender, pale greyish.

Body length female: 4-5 mm
Additional information

Mainly in forests, heathlands, dunes, meadows, marshes, vineyards, gardens, in houses, caves, under stones and tree bark, among moss and litter.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Not on the Balearic Islands (Bosmans et al. 2017)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Andorra   ( no references ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Denmark   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( Kreuels et al., 2019; ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| Northern Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Alicata P (1966c) Le Harpactea (Araneae, Dysderidae) della fauna italiana e considerazioni sulla loro origine. Atti dell' Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania (6) 18: 190-221 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Lissner J, Hernández-Corral J (2017a) The spider family Dysderidae in the Balearic Islands. Zootaxa 4329: 375-391 pdf

Brignoli P M (1978a) Ragni di Turchia V. Specie nuove o interesanti, cavernicole ed epigee, di varie famiglie (Araneae). Rev Suisse Zool 85: 461-541

Brignoli P M (1979g) Sur quelques Dysderidae de France, d'Espagne et de Tunisie (Araneae). Vie et Milieu 28-29(C): 111-116 pdf

Brændegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Ledoux J-C (2016) Note sur la synonymie d’Harpactea haymozi Brignoli, 1979 et Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763) (Araneae, Dysderidae). Revue Arachnologique (2) 3: 27 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
06-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
26-09-2018 Distribution update Detail
09-10-2017 Distribution update Detail