Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactea  Bristowe, 1939   148 species

Harpactea hombergi  (Scopoli, 1763)

Description
Male

Prosoma orange-red. Prosoma 1.6-2 mm long. Legs strikingly coloured, light to dark. Femur I-II with 1-2 spines. Opisthosoma white. Male: conical, laterally flattened.

Body length male: 4.5-5.5 mm
Female

Prosoma dark brown, 1.8-2 mm long. Chelicerae: promargin with 2 teeth, retromargin with 2 or 3 teeth. Legs pale yellowish, femur, base of tibia and base of anterior metatarsus brownish, femur I and II with one or 2 spines, femur III and IV with 4 spines, coxa IV and patella III spineless, tarsus IV with a distinct onychium. Opisthosoma cylindrical, very slender, pale greyish.

Body length female: 4-5 mm
Additional information

Mainly in forests, heathlands, dunes, meadows, marshes, vineyards, gardens, in houses, caves, under stones and tree bark, among moss and litter.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Not on the Balearic Islands (Bosmans et al. 2017)
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   (Komnenov, 2010) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Ireland   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Luxembourg   (Kreuels et al., 2019) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| Northern Ireland   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Alicata P (1966c) Le Harpactea (Araneae, Dysderidae) della fauna italiana e considerazioni sulla loro origine. Atti dell' Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania (6) 18: 190-221 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Lissner J, Hernández-Corral J (2017a) The spider family Dysderidae in the Balearic Islands. Zootaxa 4329: 375-391 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Breitling R (2020) South European spiders from the Duffey collection in the Manchester Museum (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnology 18: 333-362 pdf

Brignoli P M (1978b) Ragni di Turchia V. Specie nuove o interesanti, cavernicole ed epigee, di varie famiglie (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 85: 461-541 pdf

Brignoli P M (1979g) Sur quelques Dysderidae de France, d'Espagne et de Tunisie (Araneae). Vie et Milieu 28-29(C): 111-116 pdf

Brændegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Ledoux J-C (2016) Note sur la synonymie d’Harpactea haymozi Brignoli, 1979 et Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763) (Araneae, Dysderidae). Revue Arachnologique (2) 3: 27 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 42: 1-150 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
24-07-2020 Image insert
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
06-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
26-09-2018 Distribution update Detail
09-10-2017 Distribution update Detail