Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Hilaira  Simon, 1884   10 species

Hilaira herniosa  (Thorell, 1875)


Male palp with very long, pointed tegular apophysis. Epigyne elongated, reaching beyond epigastric furrow. Prosoma brown, rarely brighter yellowish. Sternum brown, with black tinge. Chelicerae brown, robust. Legs yellow-brown, robust. Opisthosoma brownish dark grey to almost black, rarely with brighter stripes or spots.

Body length male: 2.5-3.3 mm
Body length female: 2.5-3.5 mm
Additional information

in humid moss, in higher mountain areas

Frequency: Rarely found

Character states from linyphiid key
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): North America, Switzerland, Turkey, Scandinavia, Russia (Europe to Far East), Mongolia, Japan
 male  female
mainly late summer
Distribution List
Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Northern   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) |||

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Millidge A F (1977) The conformation of the male palpal organs of linyphiid spiders, and its application to the taxonomic and phylogenetic analysis of the family (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4: 1-60 pdf

Vogelsanger T (1948) Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Spinennfauna des Kantons Graubünden. Mitteilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Schaffhausen 22: 33-72 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf