Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Leptothrix  Menge, 1869   1 species

Leptothrix hardyi  (Blackwall, 1850)

Description

Tibial apophysis short, bent. Embolus robust and broad, S-like bent. Paracymbium small and inconspicuous. Epigyne with distinctly indented posterior margin. Large, egg-shaped receptaculum seminis laterally. Prosoma brown, with distinctly darker margin. Male with strongly haired tubercle in eye region. Sternum brown. Chelicerae dark brown, anterior cheliceral furrow margin with 5, posterior with 2-4 denticles. Legs yellow-brown, short and robust. Opisthosoma unicoloured dark grey-black.

Body length male: 2-3.8 mm
Body length female: 3-4.8 mm
Additional information

in moss of humid forests

Frequency: Rarely found

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Belarus   (Ivanov, 2013) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Iceland   (Agnarsson, 1996) ||| Ireland   (no references) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Lithuania   (no references) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| Northern Ireland   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Northern   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Agnarsson I (1996) Íslenskar köngulær Fjölrit Náttúrufræðistofnunar 31: 1-175 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Cera I, Spuņģis V (2008) Spider (Araneae) species new to the fauna of Latvia. Latvijas Entomologs 45: 49 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Machač O, Ivinskis P, Rimšaitė J (2016) Several new for the Lithuanian fauna species of spiders (Araneae). Naujos ir retos Lietuvos vabzdžių rūšys 28: 121-126 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester, England, 204 pp. pdf

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
22-02-2017 Datasheet update Detail
22-02-2017 Distribution update Detail