Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Singa  C. L. Koch, 1836   7 species

Singa hamata  (Clerck, 1757)

Description

Male palp with small, strongly bent hook on base of the long, pointed process. Epigyne with scapus, not reaching beyond lateral parts posteriorly. Prosoma black, posterior part rarely dark red-brown. Sternum black. Chelicerae black. Tarsus, tibia and patella III and IV distally darkened, legs (at least III and IV) therefore darkly annulated. Opisthosoma with 2 dark brown-black longitudinal bands, broken in the middle part by transverse stripes reaching from median band to brighter sides.

Body length male: 4.5 mm
Body length female: 6.5-8.1 mm
Additional information

frequently in sunny places on herbs and grasses of ruderal areas and waysides

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to Far East), Caucasus to Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Crespo L (2008) Contribution to the knowledge of the Portuguese spider (Arachnida: Araneae) fauna: seven new additions to the Portuguese checklist. Bol Soc Ent Ara 43: 403-407

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2018a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 2 September 2018], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value