Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Trichoncus  Simon, 1884   21 species

Trichoncus hackmani  Millidge, 1955


Prosoma orange-brown to dark brown. Male: clypeus protruding. Legs brown to yellow-brown, tibia. Tibia I and II brownish or with black tinge. Opisthosoma black.

Body length male: 1.8-2.1 mm

Epigyne with semicircular posterior margin. Length of epigynal plate smaller than two times its width. Vulva: receptaculum thick-walled. Colouration as in males.

Body length female: 1.8-2.4 mm
Additional information

On Sea shore amongst stones and stranded goods.


Please note that the vulva shown in Wiehle, 1960a: 319, f. 583 does probably not belong to T. hackmani (Wunderlich, 2011c: 305; Løvbrekke, pers. comm.) and therefore has been removed.


Character states from linyphiid key
  No data
Distribution comment: Norway: Løvbrekke (pers. comm.)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Central, Northern Europe
 male  female

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitt schweiz Ent Ges 87: 215-228

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester

Wiehle H (1960a) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae). XI. Micryphantidae-Zwergspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 47: 1-620

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Wunderlich J (2011c) On extant West-Palearctic (mainly Southern European) spiders (Araneae) of various families, with new descriptions. Beitr Araneol 6: 158-338

03-02-2019 Distribution update Old value
05-01-2015 Distribution update Old value
18-09-2014 Image insert
18-09-2014 Distribution update Old value
11-09-2014 Image insert
24-06-2014 Image insert
03-06-2014 Image insert