Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xysticus  C. L. Koch, 1835   106 species

Xysticus gallicus  Simon, 1875

Description

Male palp with median tegular apophysis with short compact shaft and 2 short branches. Lateral tegular apophysis horn-shaped, broad and robust. Tibial apophysis originates ventrally in the middle and has rounded edges. A further retrolateral apophysis is club-shaped in ventral view and narrowing toward tip. Embolus widened at the point where it is bent, tip twisted. Epigyne with epigynal groove only closed anteriorly with characteristically slit-shaped fold, median septum slender and short, mostly widened anterior. Vulva with slender funnel-shaped entrance duct, that strongly widens posteriorly and finally passes over to transverse receptacula. Prosoma dark brown to brown-black, rarely brown. Female: partly brighter or with olive tinge, contrast-rich with cream V-shaped pattern. Eye field light brown to beige-brown or yellow-cream. Sternum light brown to beige-brown and darker on margin, densely long spined, partly also sparsely. Chelicerae with broad, transverse stripe, alternately brown and beige, frontally with one longer spine each and further finer spines. Legs long, dorsally dark brown, with brown and beige longitudinal stripes, can be broken into spots, ventrally brown to dark brown except femur, mostly with cream median line. Opisthosoma with distinct fir-tree-shaped, cream light brown pattern. Spinnerets dark brown and with fine white contour.

Body length male: 4.6-8 mm
Body length female: 6.4-11.6 mm
Additional information

Occurring under stones from lowland up to alpine zone, also in pine forests or rocky heathland

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Ledoux J C (unpupl.)  

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78: 379-393

Schröder M, Chatzaki M, Buchholz S (2011) The spider fauna of the Aladjagiola wetland complex (Nestos Delta, north-east Greece): a reflection of a unique zoogeographical transition zone in Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 102: 217-233

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
07-03-2016 Image insert
30-09-2015 Distribution update Old value