Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Diplocephalus  Bertkau, 1883   35 species

Diplocephalus cristatus  (Blackwall, 1833)

Description

Tibial apophysis with transverse, pointed process. Epigyne with inner margins of epigynal plate ± parallel, not touching each other. Epigynal plates anteriorly not distinctly marked off, very variable. Prosoma brown to dark brown, male: both head processes ± equal. Legs brown to red-brown. Opisthosoma grey-black.

Body length male: 1.7-2.2 mm
Body length female: 1.7-2.5 mm
Additional information

In open plains, in forest edges and in gardens.

Morph cristatus is widely distributed, morph foraminifer only in southern parts of Europe.

Frequency: Very frequent

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe to Middle Siberia and Kazakhstan. Introduced to North America, Falkland Is., New Zealand. N.B.: morph foraminifer only in: Spain, France, Switzerland, Italy, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Romania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Greece
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Oger P (2018) On two cases of male dimorphism in dwarf spiders (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 55: 52-56 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2018a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017 [last updated 2 September 2018], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deltshev C (1985a) A contribution to the study of the family Erigonidae (Araneae) from Pirin Mountain, Bulgaria, with a description of a new species (Metopobactrus orbelicus sp. n.). Bull Br arachnol Soc 6: 359-366

Deltshev C, Komnenov M, Blagoev G, Georgiev T, Lazarov S, Stojkoska E, Naumova M (2013) Faunistic diversity of spiders (Araneae) in Galichitsa Mountain (FYR Macedonia). Biodiversity Data Journal 1(e977): 1-70 pdf

Denis J (1948b) Araignées de France. II. Araignées des Monts Dore. Revue fr Ent 15: 236-249

Georgescu M (1969a) Contribution à l'étude des espèces appartenant au genre Diplocephalus Bertk (Micriphantidae). Acta Zool Cracov 14: 203-216

Georgescu M (1973b) Sur le développement post-embryonnaire du Diplocephalus cristatus Blackwall-groupe de formes foraminifer (Araneae, Micryphantidae). Livre cinquantenaire Inst. Spéol. Emile Racovitza, pp. 259-268

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Holm Å (1973) On the Spiders collected during the Swedish Expeditions to Novaya Zemlya and Yenisey in 1875 and 1876. Zool Scripta 2: 71-110

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lissner J, Jensen J-K, Hansen L J, Simonsen W, Kelduni R, Nissen K (2016b) An updated checklist of spiders (Araneae) of the Faroe Islands. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 197-240 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester

Simon E (1884a) Les arachnides de France 5 (2/3). Pl XXVI - XXVII Paris (Roret): 181-885

Simon E (1926) Les arachnides de France 6 (2). Paris (Roret): 309 - 532

Staudt A, Weber D, Nährig D (2013) Webspinnen (Arachnida,  Araneae) aus Höhlen des Grossherzogtums Luxemburgs. Ferrantia 69: 115-157

Wiehle H (1960a) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae). XI. Micryphantidae-Zwergspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 47: 1-620

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
16-05-2018 Image insert
07-01-2014 Image insert
24-09-2013 Distribution update Old value
28-04-2013 Distribution update Old value