Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Theonina  Simon, 1929   4 species

Theonina cornix  (Simon, 1881)

Description

Cymbium with 2 robust processes on base. Embolus thick and bent. Epigyne with scapus, longer than wide. Prosoma dark brown to black. Sternum dark brown. Chelicerae brown, relatively long. Legs yellow-brown, thin and short. Opisthosoma yellow-brown to black.

Body length male: 1.2-1.5 mm
Body length female: 1.5 mm
Additional information

In dry forests and on shrubs

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Europe, North Africa
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   (Komnenov, 2010) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (Bosmans et al., 2013) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (Komnenov, 2014) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) |||
References

Bosmans R (2006a) Contribution to the knowledge of the Linyphiidae of the Maghreb. Part XI. Miscellaneous linyphiid genera and additions (Araneae: Linyphiidae: Linyphiinae). Bulletin & Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 141: 125-161 pdf

Bosmans R, Colombo M (2015) New species of spiders from Sardinia (Araneae), with ecological notes on Lipocrea epeiroides (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) (Araneae: Araneidae). Arachnology 16: 319-332 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Deeleman-Reinhold C L (1978b) Revision of the cave-dwelling and related spiders of the genus Troglohyphantes Joseph (Linyphiidae), with special reference to the yugoslav species. Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti, Razred za Prirodoslovne Vede, Classis IV, Historia Naturalis (Prirod. Vede) 23: 1-220 pdf

Helsdingen P J van, IJland S, Noordijk J, Wijnhoven H (2013) Arachniden van het Roerdal: 1000-soortendag met enkele aanvullingen (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones). Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 21-28 pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Saaristo M I (1974) Taxonomical analysis of Theonina cornix (Simon 1881), the type-species of the genus Theonina Simon, 1929 (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Annales Zoologici Fennici 11: 240-243 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
06-08-2020 Image insert
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
13-01-2016 Distribution update Detail
24-09-2015 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail