Thomisidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xysticus  C. L. Koch, 1835   82 species

Xysticus ferrugineus  Menge, 1876


Male palp with pointed, hammer-shaped, median tegular apophysis and a long, pointed, tooth-like lateral tegular apophysis and a transparent membrane lying behind it. Tibial apophysis broad and robust, ventrally attached in the middle. Lateral apophysis inconspicuous, broad, elongated and slightly bent distally. Embolus characteristic, projecting from tegulum. Epigyne with almond-shaped, transverse flat-margined epigynal groove and broad, median septum. Vulva with strongly widened entrance duct, that opens posteriorly into the slightly transverse receptacula after one bend. Prosoma dark brown to light brown with U- or V-shaped cream pattern. Sternum beige, sometimes spotted brown and yellow-brown on margin, longish oval, shield-like to slightly roundish shape. Chelicerae longish, slender with broad, beige and brown stripes, frontally with one longer and several lesser pronounced spines. Legs beige to brown, slightly darker dorsally. Tarsus and metatarsus unicoloured brown. Other leg segments often medially with cream longitudinal stripes. Opisthosoma dark to light brown (female rather hazelnut brown to olive-brown) with cream or white margin, dorsal pattern fir-tree-like, light brown, beige, 5 sigilla, 3 of them clearly visible. Spinnerets brown to light brown, partly margined cream.

Body length male: 3.4-5.3 mm
Body length female: 5.3-8.2 mm
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, Turkey, China
 male  female
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Kosovo   (no references) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) |||

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at pdf

Jantscher E (2001a) Revision der Krabbenspinnengattung Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 (Araneae, Thomisidae) in Zentraleuropa. Dissertation: 1-328 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 379-393 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (29.05.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

07-03-2016 Image insert