Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Cyrtophora  Simon, 1864   1 species

Cyrtophora citricola  (Forsskål, 1775)


Opisthosoma usually without dorsal humps and posterior lobes.

Body length male: 2.7 mm

Prosoma densely covered with whie hairs. Sternum blackish with light median patch. Chelicerae with 4 denticles on promargin and 3 denticles on retromargin. Legs often brown with dark annulation. Opisthosoma dorsally with 2 pairs of protuberances, posteriorly with 2 lobes.

Body length female: 7.5-13.3 mm
  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Southern Europe, Africa, Middle East, Pakistan, India, China, Japan. Introduced to Dominican Rep., Costa Rica, Colombia, Brazil
Distribution List
Albania   ( no references ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( no references ) ||| Egypt   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( no references ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( no references ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( no references ) ||| Libya   ( no references ) ||| Malta   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Morocco   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   ( no references ) ||| Tunisia   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Crespo L C, Cardoso P, Henriques S, Gaspar C (2009b) Spiders (Araneae) from Porto Santo (Madeira, Portgal): Additions to the current knowledge. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 45: 471-475

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Elverici M, Teksam I, Özkütük R S, Kunt K B (2012) Cyrtophora citricola (Araneae: Araneidae: Cyrtophorinae), a first record for Turkey. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 7-9

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Levy G (1998a) Twelve genera of orb-weaver spiders (Araneae, Araneidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 43: 311-365 pdf

Mikhailov K G, Temereva E N (2014) A remarkable spider - Cyrtophora citricola in Montenegro. Newsl Br arachnol Soc 129: 5-6

Oxford G (2017) The tropical tent-web spider Cyrtophora citricola (Araneidae) in North Yorkshire: a touch of the Mediterranean. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 139: 19-20 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Rozwałka R, Rutkowski T, Bielak-Bielecki P (2017a) New data on introduced and rare synanthropic spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) in Poland (II). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Lublin-Polonia 71: 59-85 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

29-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
18-08-2017 Distribution update Detail
04-04-2017 Distribution update Detail
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28-04-2014 Distribution update Detail
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail
28-05-2013 Datasheet update Detail
28-05-2013 Image insert