Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Cyrtarachne  Thorell, 1868   1 species

Cyrtarachne ixoides  (Simon, 1870)


Prosoma dark brown, with rugged surface, fovea absent. Both eye rows recurved (in dorsal view). Clypeus relatively narrow. Sternum almost black. Cheliceren with 3 denticles on promargin and 2 denticles on retromargin. Legs dark yellow. Opisthosoma triangular.

Body length male: 2.1 mm

Opisthosoma triangular, wider than long, with 2 large humps, glossy, as covered with lacquer, with numerous depressions of variable sizes. Colouration consisting of two creamy and two whitish transverse bands, with stains. Some individuals maybe black. Legs short, reddish-yellow, without striking spination.

Body length female: 6.4-7 mm
Additional information

Females sit conspicuously on leaves and imitate obviously bird droppings.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2023): Mediterranean, Caucasus, Madagascar
Distribution List
Croatia   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2022) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Dentici & Galasso, 2021) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2022) |||

Barrientos J A, Febrer B (2017) Arañas (Arachnida, Araneae) de Menorca (Islas Baleares, España). Nuevos datos. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 31: 8-24 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosselaers J (2018) Spiders (Arachnida, Araneae) of the Gavarres (Catalonia, Spain) and the adjacent coastal region - part I: 2012-2013. Newsletter of the Belgian arachnological Society 33(Suppl.): 1-103 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2022) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2022 [last updated 24 August 2022], online at pdf

Dentici A, Galasso P (2021) Checklist of spiders and Opiliones (Arachnida Araneae, Opiliones) of Sicilian southest swamp lakes "Pantano Cuba", "Pantano Longarini" and “Pantano Bruno” (Italy). Fifth contribution to knowledge of Sicilian spider fauna Biodiversity Journal 21: 695-703 pdf

Levy G (1998a) Twelve genera of orb-weaver spiders (Araneae, Araneidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 43: 311-365 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet:

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

04-10-2021 Distribution insert Detail
01-11-2020 Datasheet update Detail
06-12-2018 Image insert
30-12-2017 Distribution update Detail
28-05-2013 Datasheet update Detail
28-05-2013 Image insert