Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Hilaira  Simon, 1884   10 species

Hilaira excisa  (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1871)

Description

Male palp with simple tegular apophysis. Tibial apophysis straight, pointed, lateral bulge with indicated tip. Epigyne with broad median plate. Prosoma brown, rarely lighter yellowish. Male: with slightly elevated head region, with small protuberance behind eyes. Sternum brown, with a tinge of black. Chelicerae brown, robust. Anterior cheliceral furrow margin with 5 denticles. Legs yellow-brown, robust. Opisthosoma brownish dark grey to almost black, rarely with brighter stripes or spots.

Body length male: 2.5-3 mm
Body length female: 2.5-3 mm
Additional information

in very humid moss, mostly at shadowed places, from the plain to low mountain range

Frequency: Frequent

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| Estonia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Ireland   (Lavery, 2019) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Luxembourg   (Kreuels et al., 2019) ||| Northern Ireland   (Lavery, 2019) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Spain   (Breitling, 2020) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (Lavery, 2019) |||
References

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Breitling R (2020) South European spiders from the Duffey collection in the Manchester Museum (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnology 18: 333-362 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester, England, 204 pp. pdf

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337 pdf

Wiehle H (1963b) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der deutschen Spinnenfauna III. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 90: 227-298 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
24-07-2020 Image insert
12-05-2020 Distribution insert Detail
24-03-2020 Distribution insert Detail
25-02-2014 Image insert