Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   177 species

Dysdera erythrina  (Walckenaer, 1802)

Description
Male

Bulb 1.4 mm long. Prosoma 3.8 mm long. Prosoma with parallel margins, head region slightly protruding. Sternum orange-brown to dark red-brown. Chelicerae with concave anterior cheliceral furrow margin.

Body length male: 6-8 mm
Female

Vulva rounded anteriorly in dorsal view, anterior process of receptaculum seminis often appearing bipartite outwardly, narrowed medially. Prosoma  4.1 mm long. Sternum almost smooth. Eyes: PME smallest, anteriors at the most one diameter apart. Chelicerae with 3 teeth. Legs: reddish yellow, femur spineless, tibia III with 6 or more spines, tibia IV with 7 or 8 spines, posterior metatarsus with numerous spines. Opisthosoma greyish or whitish, almost hairless.

Comparison of D. crocata / D. erythrina by J.-P. Taberlet: PDF

Body length female: 9-14 mm
Additional information

In heathlands, grasslands, vineyards, gardens, under stones and bark, in litter, also in caves.

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Distribution comment: Records from other countries misidentifcations or have to be confirmed (Řezáč et al. 2018b)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Southwestern and Western to Central Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adult specimens live several years. Female with egg sac from May to August.
Figures
Distribution List
Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Ireland   (no references) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Luxembourg   (Kreuels et al., 2019) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| Northern Ireland   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 131: 141-269 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Řezáč M, Arnedo M A, Opatova V, Musilová J, Řezáčová V, Král J (2018b) Taxonomic revision and insights into the speciation mode of the spider Dysdera erythrina species-complex (Araneae : Dysderidae): sibling species with sympatric distributions. Invertebrate Systematics 32: 10-54 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 42: 1-150 pdf

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.11.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
06-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
16-01-2018 Image insert
15-01-2018 Distribution update Detail