Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   164 species

Dysdera erythrina  (Walckenaer, 1802)


Bulb 1.4 mm long. Prosoma 3.8 mm long. Prosoma with parallel margins, head region slightly protruding. Sternum orange-brown to dark red-brown. Chelicerae with concave anterior cheliceral furrow margin.

Body length male: 6-8 mm

Vulva rounded anteriorly in dorsal view, anterior process of receptaculum seminis often appearing bipartite outwardly, narrowed medially. Prosoma  4.1 mm long. Sternum almost smooth. Eyes: PME smallest, anteriors at the most one diameter apart. Chelicerae with 3 teeth. Legs: reddish yellow, femur spineless, tibia III with 6 or more spines, tibia IV with 7 or 8 spines, posterior metatarsus with numerous spines. Opisthosoma greyish or whitish, almost hairless.

Comparison of D. crocata / D. erythrina by J.-P. Taberlet: PDF

Body length female: 9-14 mm
Additional information

In heathlands, grasslands, vineyards, gardens, under stones and bark, in litter, also in caves.

  Not established
  No data
Distribution comment: Records from other countries misidentifcations or have to be confirmed (Řezáč et al. 2018b)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Southwestern and Western to Central Europe
 male  female
Adult specimens live several years. Female with egg sac from May to August.

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Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

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Řezáč M, Arnedo M A, Opatova V, Musilová J, Řezáčová V, Král J (2018b) Taxonomic revision and insights into the speciation mode of the spider Dysdera erythrina species-complex (Araneae : Dysderidae): sibling species with sympatric distributions. Invertebrate Systematics 32: 10-54 pdf

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Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

16-01-2018 Image insert
15-01-2018 Distribution update Old value