Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   165 species

Dysdera erythrina  (Walckenaer, 1802)

Description
Male

Bulb 1.4 mm long. Prosoma 3.8 mm long. Prosoma with parallel margins, head region slightly protruding. Sternum orange-brown to dark red-brown. Chelicerae with concave anterior cheliceral furrow margin.

Body length male: 6-8 mm
Female

Vulva rounded anteriorly in dorsal view, anterior process of receptaculum seminis often appearing bipartite outwardly, narrowed medially. Prosoma  4.1 mm long. Sternum almost smooth. Eyes: PME smallest, anteriors at the most one diameter apart. Chelicerae with 3 teeth. Legs: reddish yellow, femur spineless, tibia III with 6 or more spines, tibia IV with 7 or 8 spines, posterior metatarsus with numerous spines. Opisthosoma greyish or whitish, almost hairless.

Comparison of D. crocata / D. erythrina by J.-P. Taberlet: PDF

Body length female: 9-14 mm
Additional information

In heathlands, grasslands, vineyards, gardens, under stones and bark, in litter, also in caves.

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Distribution comment: Records from other countries misidentifcations or have to be confirmed (Řezáč et al. 2018b)
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Southwestern and Western to Central Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adult specimens live several years. Female with egg sac from May to August.
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschr Ent 131: 141-269

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Řezáč M, Arnedo M A, Opatova V, Musilová J, Řezáčová V, Král J (2018b) Taxonomic revision and insights into the speciation mode of the spider Dysdera erythrina species-complex (Araneae : Dysderidae): sibling species with sympatric distributions. Invertebrate Systematics 32: 10-54 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
16-01-2018 Image insert
15-01-2018 Distribution update Old value